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Cape Sounion, is about 43 miles (69km) east of Athens, is a popular seaside resort loved by locals and visitors alike. Sounion is 9 km far from the city of Lavrion, the third biggest port in Attica. The port connects the mainland to the Cyclades. Furthermore, it is close to the mineral museum and to the Theatre of Thorikos – the oldest ancient theater in the country.

Cape Sounio beach

Cape Sounion, the southernmost tip of Attica, was a significant strategic point, whence the city-state of Athens controlled the sea passage to the Aegean Sea and Piraeus, the central port, as well as the Lavrion peninsula, comprising the rich silver mines thanks to which Athens emerged as a leading power in the 5th century BC.

Cape Sounion is noted as the site of ruins of an ancient Greek temple of Poseidon, the god of the sea in classical mythology. The remains are perched on the headland, surrounded on three sides by the sea.


According to Greek Mythology, Cape Sounion is the spot where Aegeus, King of Athens, leaped to his death off the cliff, thus giving his name to the Aegean Sea.[citation needed] The story goes that Aegeus, anxiously looking out from Sounion, despaired when he saw a black sail on his son Theseus's ship, returning from Crete. This led him to believe that his son had been killed in his contest with the dreaded Minotaur, a monster that was half man and half bull. The Minotaur was confined by its owner, King Minos of Crete, in a specially designed labyrinth. Every year, according to the myth, the Athenians were forced to send seven men and seven women to Minos as a tribute. These youths were placed in the labyrinth to be devoured by the Minotaur. Theseus had volunteered to go with the third tribute and attempt to slay the beast. He had agreed with his father that if he survived the contest, he would hoist a white sail on his return. In fact, Theseus had successfully overcome and slain the Minotaur, but tragically had simply forgotten about the white sail.

The site is a popular day-excursion for tourists from Athens, with the sunset over the Aegean Sea, as viewed from the ruins, a sought-after sight.

Apart from its world-renowned archaeological site, Sounion is also an upscale summer home location for Athenians. Construction flourished between the 1960s and 1970s, with massive yet minimal villas and condos erected. Sounion is one of the most expensive areas in Greece, with the value of some homes exceeding twenty million euros.

How to get there:
- You may hire a car so you can explore the whole area and enjoy some swimming at the nice beached around.
- By public bus. The public bus takes about an hour and a half. It is cheap (6.90€ one way) but makes lots of stops so it does take time.
From Athens to Sounion at 7:05 except Sundays & holidays, 8:05, 10:05, 11:05, 13:05, 14:05,15:30, 17:00.
From Sounion to Athens, 8:00, 10:00 except Sundays & holidays, 11:00, 13:00, 14:00, 16:00, 17:00, 19:00, 20:00
- Follow the organized guided one-day trips to Cape Sounion (about 49€ per adult)

More info 

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The cave is located on the east side of Ymittos mountain, above the city of Peania.

peania caveIt was discovered in 1928 by local residents and officially visited on 2/2/1928 by the journalist D. Chatzopoulos helped by a group of inhabitants, who published a description of the cave in the magazine Ellinikos Tachydromos (10/2/1928).
Its mapping was carried out in 1954 by I. and A. Petrochilos of the Hellenic Speleological Society.

Due to its natural beauty, the cave became a tourist site. Its development began during the early Sixties by the Hellenic Tourist Organization.
In 2000 the management of the cave was handed over to the Ephorate of Paleoanthropology & Spelaeology of Southern Greece (Hellenic Ministry of Culture). Geology - Geomorfology The cave has been formed within the beds of metamorphic limestone of Mount Hymettos. The surrounding bedrock belongs to the series of the Lower Marble and covers the greatest part of the eastern sides of Mount Hymettos. As it is the case with most of the caves around the world (more than 95%), the Koutouki Cave owes its creation to the

The cave has been formed within the beds of metamorphic limestone of Mount Hymettos. The surrounding bedrock belongs to the series of the Lower Marble and covers the greatest part of the eastern sides of Mount Hymettos. As it is the case with most of the caves around the world (more than 95%), the Koutouki Cave owes its creation to the carst phenomenon – the process of chemical deposition of calcium carbonate dissolved in water, when the latter contains carbon dioxide (CO2 ) –, although its final form was affected by tectonic activity. According to the existing evidence, the cave had initially no entrance. A great vertical diaclasis – a crack in the bedrock which is caused by tectonic movement – helped create the natural entrance on the cave’s roof 38.5 m high. Koutouki consists of a single chamber measuring about 60X60 m, which has been fragmented into smaller ones by stalactite/stalagmite walls developed along the diaclases of the bedrock. The cave floor is uneven due to past rock collapses which were subsequently covered with calcite deposits,

According to the existing evidence, the cave had initially no entrance. A great vertical diaclasis – a crack in the bedrock which is caused by tectonic movement – helped create the natural entrance on the cave’s roof 38.5 m high.
Koutouki consists of a single chamber measuring about 60X60 m, which has been fragmented into smaller ones by stalactite/stalagmite walls developed along the diaclases of the bedrock. The cave floor is uneven due to past rock collapses which were subsequently covered with calcite deposits, stalagmites and columns. The cave roof is very rich in speleothems, mainly stalactites, and it is inclined, following the direction of the limestone beds.

The rich rock decoration of stalactites and stalagmites and the unusual coloring of various speleothems – due to the action of certain oxides, creates a magic scenery and has inspired the romantic naming of some of the rock formations: Olympic Torch, Altars, Corals, Harmonium, Red Waterfall, etc.

Today a 17 m long artificial tunnel made for the visitors’ convenience leads into the cave, and the tourist route is about 350 m. The annual mean temperature is 17ο C and humidity is 90%. Fauna in the cave is very poor. There is no indication of bats, since the cave is being visited year round, and the presence of visitors along with the continuous use of light, create an unfriendly environment. Only an extremely small number of dolichopoda and myriopoda have been noted in the cave.

Tickets: Full €2, Reduced €1

Operating hours: Monday - Sunday 8.00-15.00

How to get there: It is best visited by car. Buses 125 and 308 from outside Athens’ Nomismatikopio Metro Station can take you as far as Peania, but it’s a further 4.5km uphill to the cave.

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The National Archaeological Museum is the largest museum in Greece and one of the world's greatest museums.


Although its original purpose was to secure all the finds from the nineteenth century excavations in and around Athens, it gradually became the central National Archaeological Museum and was enriched with finds from all over Greece. Its abundant collections, with more than 11,000 exhibits, provide a panorama of Greek civilization from the beginnings of Prehistory to Late Antiquity.

The museum is housed in an imposing neoclassical building of the end of the nineteenth century, which was designed by L. Lange and remodelled by Ernst Ziller.
At the front of the museum there is a large neo-classic design garden which is decorated with sculptures.


The vast exhibition space - numerous galleries on each floor accounting for a total of 8,000 square metres - house five large permanent collections:
The Prehistoric Collection, which includes works of the great civilizations that developped in the Aegean from the sixth millennium BC to 1050 BC (Neolithic, Cycladic, Mycenaean), and finds from the prehistoric settlement at Thera.
The Sculptures Collection, which shows the development of ancient Greek sculpture from the seventh to the fifth centuries BC with unique masterpieces.
The Vase and Minor Objects Collection, which contains representative works of ancient Greek pottery from the eleventh century BC to the Roman period and includes the Stathatos Collection, a corpus of minor objects of all periods.
The Metallurgy Collection, with many fundamental statues, figurines and minor objects.
And, finally, the only Egyptian and Near Eastern Antiquities Collection in Greece, with works dating from the pre-dynastic period (5000 BC) to the Roman conquest.


Opening hours from April 1st 2017 until October 31st 2017:
Monday: 13:00 – 20:00, Tuesday – Sunday: 08:00 - 20:00
The National Archaeological Museum is closed on 25 - 26 December, 1 January, 25 March, Orthodox Easter Sunday and 1 May.

Admission fee: 10 Euro
Reduced admission fee: 5 Euro
(for students from Universities of non European Union countries by showing their University Card and for citizens aged over 65 years old from countries of the European Union by showing their ID or Passport)
Special ticket package:
Valid for National Archaeological Museum, Byzantine & Christian Museum, Numismatic Museum and Epigraphic Museum (duration 3 days)
Full: 15 Euro - Reduced: 8 Euro

Free entrance:
visitors under 18 years old (by showing their I.D. or Passport)
students from E.U. countries (by showing their University Card)
admission card holders (Free Entrance Card, ICOM, ICOMOS)
guides (by showing their professional card)
members of Societies of Friends of Museums and Archaeological Sites of Greece, by showing their membership card
escort of blind people and escort of persons with mobility difficulties
Entrance is free to all visitors on the following days:
. 6 March (Memory of Melina Mercouri)
. 18 April (International Monument Day)
. 18 May (International Museum Day)
. the last weekend of September (European Days of Cultural Heritage)
. 28 October (National Holiday)
. the first Sunday of the month for the period between 1 November and 31 March
Clearance of the galleries begins 20 minutes before closing time. Essential work may necessitate closing galleries without previous notice.

Phone: 21 3214 4800
Public transit access: Victoria metro station, Omonia metro station, 
Official museum's website
More info at wikipedia

It is one of our city`s most popular touristic attractions and one of Athens landmarks.


The Panathenaic Stadium is located on the site of an ancient stadium and for many centuries hosted games in which nude male athletes competed (gymnikoi agones) in track events, athletics championships as we would call them today.

The stadium was built long before dimensions for athletics venues were standardized, and its track and layout follow the ancient hairpin-like model.

kalimarmaron stadium

It could once seat about 80,000 spectators on fifty rows of marble steps and currently holds 45,000 spectators

The games, which since antiquity had been held in an area far from the city, were included in the programme of the Panathenaia festival celebrations in 566/565 BC. When the orator Lykourgos assumed responsibility for the finances of Athens, in 338 BC, he included in the public works carried out in the city the building of a Stadium.

Discovolos statue

Because of the marble, the temperature in the Stadium during summer can be very high, the best hours to visit the Stadium during the summer months are in the morning and late afternoon, when temperatures are lower.

On warm days, we suggest you bring along a bottle of water and sun protection.

For your own safety during the winter months, care is advised on the steps, especially during wet weather.

If you feel energetic, you can go for a run around the stadium, on the the footsteps of great athletes! Athletic shoes necessary!

Do not forget to take a photo on the podium against the backdrop of the Stadium.


An unforgettable photo.

If you want an amazing photograph, you should climb to the upper tier of stand 21, from where you can capture the Acropolis, the Parthenon, Filopappos Hill, the Temple of Olympian Zeus, Zappeion, the National Gardens and Lycabettus Hill.

The Cafe is open daily.

More details: www.panathenaicstadium.gr

The oldest house of Athens, a museum of itself.

The Benizelon Mansion

Built in the 16th century during Ottoman occupation, this mansion is the only surviving house of that period. It was home to the Benizelou family, and it is one of the Athenian noble mansions associated with the superior social group of Greek elders.
The mansion is a prominent secular monument for the history of the city from the 16th to the 18th century.

After a great restoration, it was conceded by the Ministry of Culture to  Holy Archdiocese of Athens, and it is now open to the public.
A series of museum interventions, visual material, video projections, audio applications and digital interactive exhibits provide information about the monument as well as the historical reality that created it.

No Entrance fee but you can contribute for charity

Address: Adrianou 96, Monastiraki
+30 2103248861

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The Numismatic Museum is one of the oldest public museums in Greece.It was established in 1834, the same year as the National Archaeological Museum.

Athens Numismatic Museum

The Numismatic Museum owns 500.000 acquisitions –mostly coins as well as medals, lead bullae, gems, weights, obeloi and talents- dated from the 14th century BC until today.

The richest collections are those of the ancient coins dated from the 6th century BC to the 5th century AD. These are the coins of the city-states, the kings and rulers of the ancient Greek and Hellenistic world, the Roman Republic, the Roman emperors and the Roman Imperial provinces.

Of similar importance are the collections of the Byzantine and Medieval coins dated from the 6th century to the 15th century. There is a large number of coins of the Byzantine empire and representative issues of all the emperors and mints, issues of states and monarchs of the Medieval West and East as well as issues of the Frankish kingdoms created in Greece since the 13th century.

The Numismatic Museum of Athens city

The period from the 15th to the 20th century is covered through the coins of most of the Modern and contemporary era states. An emphasis is shown to coins circulated in Greece, such as issues of the Ottoman empire, coins of European states and empires and coins and banknotes of the Modern Greek state.

In the garden of the Iliou Melathron there is a café, a small green oasis in downtown Athens. The garden, of 800m2, contains numerous plants of the Greek flora and is decorated with copies of ancient Greek statues.

Athens Numismatic Museum's garden cafe

The visitors to the Museum and others who spend time in the area can enjoy a pleasant break for coffee or light lunch in a serene and cool environment. Following contact with the person in charge of the Café and the Museum’s Public Relations office, the place can also accommodate special happenings.

On the first floor of the Iliou Melathron operates The Museum Shop and is open daily during the Museum’s visiting hours.

Here, exact copies of ancient Greek coins and jewelry, cards, notebooks and games are in offer as well as, digital publications and books of numismatic interest, for example, the Museum’s publications that refer to both the specialists in the field and to the general public.

Address: Panepistimiou 12 (just 10 minutes walk from your Athens flat apartment)

Telephones: +30210-3632057, +30210-3612834 and +30210-3612872

Opening hours:
Monday closed
Tuesday – Sunday 09:00 – 16:00
Last admission fifteen (15) minutes before closing

Holidays (closed): January 1st, March 25th, Orthodox Easter Sunday, May 1st, December 25-26th

Tickets: Full: €6, Reduced: €3
Special ticket package: Full: €15, Reduced: €8
(Valid for National Archaeological Museum, Byzantine & Christian Museum, Epigraphic & Numismatic Museum)

Access to Museum: Metro stations: Syntagma, Panepistimio - Trolleys nr.: 2, 3, 4, 11, 13

People with Disabilities: Lift for access to persons with kinetic problems

More info at museum’s official website 

The Tower of the Winds or the Horologion of Andronikos Kyrrhestes is an octagonal Pentelic marble clocktower in the Roman Agora in Athens that functioned as a horologion or "timepiece". Unofficially, the monument is also called Aerides (Greek: Αέρηδες), which means Winds.

Tower Of Winds at Monastiraki

The structure features a combination of sundials, a water clock, and a wind vane. It was supposedly built by Andronicus of Cyrrhus around 50 BC, but according to other sources, might have been constructed in the 2nd century BC before the rest of the forum.

The 12-meter-tall structure has a diameter of about 8 metres and was topped in antiquity by a weathervane-like Triton that indicated the wind direction. Below the frieze depicting the eight wind deities — Boreas (N), Kaikias (NE), Eurus (E), Apeliotes (SE), Notus (S), Lips (SW), Zephyrus (W), and Skiron (NW) — there are eight sundials.

Tower Of Winds

In its interior, there was a water clock (or clepsydra), driven by water coming down from the Acropolis. Recent research has shown that the considerable height of the tower was motivated by the intention to place the sundials and the wind-vane at a visible height on the Agora, effectively making it an early example of a clocktower. According to the testimony of Vitruvius and Varro, Andronicus of Cyrrhus designed the structure. The tower's columns bore capitals of a design now known as "Tower of the Winds Corinthian," although they lack the volutes ordinarily found in Corinthian capitals.

In early Christian times, the building was used as the bell-tower of a Byzantine Church. Under Ottoman rule it became a tekke and was used by whirling dervishes. At that time it was buried up to half its height, and traces of this can be observed in the interior, where Turkish inscriptions may be found on the walls. It was fully excavated in the 19th century by the Archaeological Society of Athens.

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